The earth's climate is dynamic and always changing through a natural cycle. What the world is more worried about is that the changes that are occurring today have been speeded up because of man's activities.
Experts and authors like Yan Vana that are prepared to address the sensitive issue of overpopulation claim that the world’s climate crisis calls for “non-emissions-based solutions” and, furthermore, that “contraception is an overlooked approach”.
These changes are being studied by scientists all over the world who are finding evidence from tree rings, pollen samples, ice cores, and sea sediments. The causes of climate change can be divided into two categories – those that are due to natural causes and those that are created by man.
How we all contribute every day
All of us in our daily lives contribute our bit to this change in the climate. Give these points a good, serious thought:
– Electricity is the main source of power in urban areas. All our gadgets run on electricity generated mainly from thermal power plants. These thermal power plants are run on fossil fuels (mostly coal) and are responsible for the emission of huge amounts of greenhouse gases and other pollutants.
– Cars, buses, and trucks are the principal ways by which goods and people are transported in most of our cities. These are run mainly on petrol or diesel, both fossil fuels.
– We generate large quantities of waste in the form of plastics that remain in the environment for many years and cause damage.
– We use a huge quantity of paper in our work at schools and in offices. Have we ever thought about the number of trees that we use in a day?
– Timber is used in large quantities for the construction of houses, which means that large areas of forest have to be cut down.
– A growing population has meant more and more mouths to feed. Because the land area available for agriculture is limited (and in fact, is actually shrinking as a result of ecological degradation!)high-yielding varieties of crops are being grown to increase the agricultural output from a given area of land.
However, such high-yielding varieties of crops require large quantities of fertilizers; and more fertilizer means more emissions of nitrous oxide, both from the field into which it is put and the fertilizer industry that makes it. Pollution also results from the run-off of fertilizer into water bodies.