Stem cells have the ability to develop into many other types of cells. Totipotent cells known as blastomeres have the additional ability to develop into an individual organism. Pluripotent cells can develop into any kind of cell. Multipotent cells can develop into a variety of cells in a given lineage such as connective tissue cells or epithelial cells.
Stem cell research and the possibility of regenerative medicine are pointing the way toward improved health and well-being for hundreds of millions of people around the world. Many practical roadblocks remain and there are many grand challenges in this brand-new field. The key is to make possible ongoing research. Organizations in need can search for the right regenerative medicine distributor in NJ to perform the best research.
Pluripotent cells include embryonic stem cells, certain cells isolated from umbilical cord blood, and adult stem cells which are found in bone marrow, the brain, and other locations. Overall, stem cells may be able to provide replacement tissue for treatment of many life-threatening diseases.
Specialized cells and tissues derived from SCs may be used to treat Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, Huntington’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease), cancer, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophies, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Also, research on SCs may lead to the ability to grow organs such as the heart, kidney, liver, and pancreas. These brand-new organs would be used for transplantation, solving the ongoing severe shortages of suitable available replacements. Ultimately it may be possible to grow organs from stem cells derived from a person’s own somatic cells (such as a skin cell).