Many countries, both developing and developed, now employ strategic management to manage their government affairs. Public organizations exist to create public value. The best way to define what is public value is the people who will be creating it.
Participation is a sign of alienation and can lead to the end of a project or program’s relevance and sustainability. You can get detailed information about the stakeholder engagement plan from https://www.thereputationpeople.com/services/stakeholder-engagement-plan/.
Governance comes from the need to manage relationships. While we cannot all be leaders or decision-makers, good governance requires that all interests and concerns be considered. Participation by key stakeholders in major programs and projects should be an ongoing way to validate the mandate that brought governments to power.
To ensure the achievement of set goals and objectives, key stakeholders must be involved at all stages. It’s not enough to plan, spend money, execute all activities, and deliver the expected outputs. The most important measure of success is whether or not the outcomes achieve the intended purpose or create public value.
To avoid activities that don’t produce results, key stakeholders need to be involved in every stage of strategic planning. Many developing countries’ experiences before the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals in 2000 are a good example.