Gravity and suction are used to drain the chest tube. The disposable drainage system includes drainage collection, a dry or wet seal, and suction control. The drainage system seal allows fluid and air to escape the pleural cavity but does not allow for air to re-enter.
The device has a pressure relief valve as well as an indicator of air leakage. There are three types: a water seal-wet suction, a water seal-dry, and a water seal-wet system for chest tube drainage. To remove fluids or air accumulated in the pleural cavity or to restore negative pressure, chest tube drainage can be performed. To know more about the closed chest drainage system, you must refer to centese.com/cardiac-surgery/.
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As with any surgery, bleeding and infection are the main risks associated with placing a chest tube. When placing the chest tube, doctors are careful to avoid any blood vessels running underneath the ribs. To avoid infection, all procedures are performed in a clean and sterilized manner. Other major risks include damage to other structures within the chest like the heart and lungs. Although injuries to these structures are rare, they can prove fatal.
Stitches are used to hold the chest tubes in place and are covered with a sterile dressing. It is normal to feel mild discomfort at the site where the tube was inserted.
Although the time it takes to place a chest tube depends on how severe your condition is, most cases last for a few days. Some patients may be able to take their chest tubes home, but in most cases, they will need to be removed before being discharged from the hospital. The stitches that keep the chest tube in place will be removed by your healthcare provider. You may feel mild discomfort during the procedure.